The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME), including the Residency Review Committee (RRC) for surgery, has adopted a set of general competencies for all physicians who complete higher training programs. These have been adapted for each specialty. In the near future, all chief residents must be assessed as competent in these areas prior to receiving certification for completion of residency training and undertaking the American Board of Surgery examinations. The six general competencies are
Patient Care that is compassionate, appropriate, and effective for the treatment of health problems and the promotion of health. Surgical residents must demonstrate manual dexterity appropriate for their training level and be able to develop and execute patient care plans. Our general surgery residents maintain primary responsibility while patients are in the ICU during all rotations at all the hospitals.
Medical Knowledge about established and evolving biomedical, clinical, and cognate (e.g. epidemiological and social-behavioral) sciences and the application of this knowledge to patient care. Surgical residents are expected to critically evaluate and demonstrate knowledge of pertinent scientific information.
Practice-Based Learning and Improvement that involves investigation and evaluation of their own patient care, appraisal and assimilation of scientific evidence, and improvements in patient care. Surgical residents are expected to critique personal practice outcomes and demonstrate recognition of the importance of lifelong learning in surgical practice.
Interpersonal and Communication Skills that result in effective information exchange and teaming with patients, their families, and other health professionals. Surgical residents are expected to communicate effectively with other health care professionals, counsel and educate patients and families, and effectively document practice activities.
Professionalism, as manifested through a commitment to carrying out professional responsibilities, adherence to ethical principles, and sensitivity to a diverse patient population. Surgical residents are expected to maintain high standards of ethical behavior, demonstrate a commitment to continuity of patient care, and demonstrate sensitivity to age, gender and culture of patients and other health care professionals.
Systems-Based Practice, as manifested by actions that demonstrate an awareness of and responsiveness to the larger context and system of health care and the ability to effectively call on system resources to provide care that is of optimal value. Surgical residents are expected to practice high quality, cost effective patient care, demonstrate a knowledge of risk-benefit analysis, and demonstrate an understanding of the role of different specialists and other health care professionals in overall patient management.
All residents are required to produce two manuscript-quality pieces of work that are ready for publication to complete their residency.
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